Based on the high-resolution sporopollen records of the section in the Yudaokou pasture of Weichang County, Hebei Province, the variations of climate and environment since 6000 a B.P. (14C dating is 5.7ka B.P. at the section bottom) in the Yudaokou area of Weichang County were analyzed. The regional features of sporopollen assemblages showed that the paleoclimate in the Yudaokou area experienced seven stages since 6000 a B. P.: cool and slightly wet - cool and dry- warm and slightly wet –warm and wet – warm and slightly wet –warm and wet - cool and slightly dry. Vegetation landscape was mainly coniferous forest - steppe vegetation, which was dominated with Pinus and Artemisia and scattered with a small amount of Betula, Quercus, and other deciduous trees and shrubs in the forest. The paleoclimate change pattern since the Holocene in the study area is similar to that in other regions of China.