为实现水资源的高效利用, 对胶东调水工程进行水资源优化调度研究。基于受水区潍坊、青岛、烟台、威海等 4 市的实际配水量与社会经济指标分析, 利用可变模糊集理论, 建立地市外调水量可变模糊优选模型进行优化调配 系数计算, 优化调配 4 市外调水量, 并对优化后的外调水量与区域社会经济发展进行耦合协调度计算。以调水效率 最高为原则, 以 4 市缺水总量最小建立目标函数, 利用 Lingo 软件编程求解, 分别对平水年、枯水年、特枯年进行水资源优化调度。把基于调配水量调度与规划指标调度的结果进行对比分析。结果表明: 2 种调度结果均满足各分水口的最小需水要求; 外调水量的优化调配提高了胶东 4 市水资源与社会经济发展的耦合协调度, 调配水量调度后, 青岛市缺水率明显下降, 其他地市缺水率降幅则较小。
The optimization of water resources scheduling in the Jiao dong water transfer project is studied to achieve the efficient utilization o f water resources. Based on the analysis of the actual water allocation and socio-economic indicators of Weifang , Qing dao , Yantai, and Weihai, the variable fuzzy set theory is used to establish avariable fuzzy optimization model of external water transfer volume to calculate the optimal allocation coefficient. The allocation of external water transfer volume is optimized from the four cities and t he coupling coordination degree between the optimized external water transfer volume and regional socio-economic development is calculat ed. An objective function is established and the solution is programmed by Lingo software based on the principle of the highest water tr ansfer efficiency and the minimum total water deficit in the four cities. The optimal water resources regulation is carried out in the m edian water year, low water year, and the extremely low water year, respectively. The results of optimal water resources regulation and planning indicator regulation are compared and analyzed. The results show that : the two sch eduling results meet the minimum water dem and of each water-diversion; the optimal allocation of external water transfer volume increases the coupling coordination degree between water resources and socio-economic development in the four cities of Jiao dong , after the optimal water resources regulation, the wat er deficient ratio is significantly decreased in Qing dao , while the water-deficient ratio in ot her cities decreases slightly .
国家科技支撑计划项目( 2015BAB07B02) ; 山东省水利科研与技术推广项目( SDS LKY201222; SDSLKY201815; SDSLKY201807)