抗旱能力研究理论框架研究
Research on the Theoretical Framework of Drought Resistance Capacity
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  抗旱能力  定义  内涵  评估方法
英文关键词:drought resistance capacity  definition  connotation  evaluation methodology
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(“973”:2010CB951102)
作者单位
梁忠民 .河海大学水文水资源学院江苏 南京 
郦建强 水利部水利水电规划设计总院 
常文娟 .河海大学水文水资源学院江苏 南京 
胡义明 .河海大学水文水资源学院江苏 南京 
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中文摘要:
      在总结抗旱能力相关研究成果的基础上,探讨了抗旱能力的理论内涵及其评估方法。借鉴抗御地震和洪水等其他自然灾害能力、自然资源承载力的定义,综合考虑自然与社会双重属性,兼顾相关行业中关于能力描述的两点要义:一是与灾害级别或量级大小联系在一起,二是强调人类的抵御活动及最大程度的概念,阐述了抗旱能力的定义及其内涵。基于构成要素和定义剖析,构建了抗旱能力评估方法体系,初步构建了抗旱能力基础理论研究框架。
英文摘要:
      The concept and its evaluation of drought resistance capacity were investigated based on summarizing the current worldwide related research advances. Comprehensively taking the natural and social properties into consideration, and the two essence of capacity were generalized, i.e. the capacity was linked with degree or magnitude of the disaster, and it emphasized the human resistant activity and the concept of maximum extent. On this basis, the definition of drought resistance capacity and its connotation were expounded by referring the definitions of other natural disaster resistant capacity and natural resources carrying capacity. Then the assessment methodology of the drought resistance capacity was constructed on the basis of the elements and the definition analysis respectively. The framework of drought resistance capacity was preliminarily presented.
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