我国农艺节水技术研究进展及发展趋势
Research Progress and Development Trend on Agronomic Water-saving Technology
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农艺节水  保墒  水分生产率  节水增产
英文关键词:Agronomic water-saving  Soil moisture conservation  Water productivity  Water-saving and yield increase
基金项目:“十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAD88B02);河南省教育厅科学技术研究重点项目(12A210018);华北水利水电学院研究生创新课题(YK2012-07)
作者单位
高传昌 华北水利水电学院 
王兴 华北水利水电学院 
汪顺生 华北水利水电学院 
史尚 华北水利水电学院 
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中文摘要:
      随着我国经济的发展,农业用水面临巨大挑战,提升农田水分利用效率对解决粮食生产过程中的缺水问题至关重要。全面分析了耕作保墒、覆盖保墒、增施有机肥与秸秆还田、水肥耦合、调整作物布局、选用节水型品种和化学调控等农艺节水技术措施的研究进展与发展趋势,并针对我国农艺节水技术措施已取得的成就与存在的问题,提出了农艺节水中一些重要的理论问题和关键技术,以期将农艺节水技术提升一个新的高度。
英文摘要:
      With the development of China's economy, the agricultural water facing enormous challenges, to enhance farmland water use efficiency is essential to solve the problem of water shortage in the food production process. Comprehensive analysis on the research progress and development trend for the agronomic water-saving technology measures about tillage for soil moisture conservation, covering for soil moisture conservation, organic fertilizer and crop straw to soil, water and fertilizer coupling, adjust crop layout, selection of water-saving varieties and chemical control etc. In the light of the achievement and existing problems on agronomic water-saving technology measures, put forward some important theoretical problems and key technologies, with a view to agronomic water-saving technology promotes a new height.
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